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James Naismith Basketball is the only major modern sport that was"invented" by an individual. It did not evolve from another sport, such as football and soccer did, but rather was created in almost the identical form that it is played in today by a man named James Naismith James Naismith who had no middle name but later adopted the initial "A" was born on November 6,in Almonte, Ontario, Canada.
His parents, John and Margaret Young Naismith, were Scottish immigrants who died in a typhoid epidemic when Naismith was nine years old, leaving him an orphan. He was raised by his strict, religious grandmother and later by a bachelor uncle. Naismith enjoyed hunting, the outdoors, and sports.
He dropped out of high school to work as a logger in lumber camp for five years, then returned to finish his secondary education and entered McGill University in Montreal in He graduated in with an A. Intending to be a minister, he continued his theology studies at Presbyterian College in Montreal for three years and graduated from there in Naismith had always been an athlete.
He played football and lacrosse at McGill and directed undergraduate gymnastics classes during his last year at Presbyterian College. His interest in athletics contributed to his decision to go into physical education rather than the ministry; he decided he could do more good working with youth on the athletic field than he could as a clergyman.
He served as the director of physical education at that school from One of his assignments as a student there, given by Luther Halsey Gulicksuperintendent of the physical education department, was to create a game that would occupy the students during the wintertime, between the seasons for football and baseball in the fall and lacrosse in the spring.
Naismith worked out a game that prohibited the roughness of football and eliminated the bunching of players around a goal, such as in hockey or soccer. Basing the game on the tossing principle, he tacked up a peach basket at each end of the gymnasium, 10 feet off the ground, and devised 13 simple rules for a game that involved throwing a soccer ball into the baskets.
The class of 18 split into two teams of 9, and the first game of basketball was played in December Naismith did not want the game named after him-he thought the label "Naismith Ball" would be a severe detriment to the game's popularity.
He approved of a name that seemed appropriate to its initial creation using peach baskets: Some changes that occurred included, inthe standardization of number of players per team— five for men, six for women-and the introduction of dribbling in originally, Naismith required only that the ball be passed before a shot.
Another change that came about occurred somewhat accidentally when Naismith attended one of the first women's games at Smith College.
The coach for the team was using Naismith's original rulebook, which contained a diagram of the playing court. On the diagram, Naismith had drawn three dotted lines, only to simplify the picture. The coach, however, had interpreted the lines as indicators of playing areas, and the women were playing on only half the court.
When Naismith realized what the coach was doing, he decided that even though this was not his original intention, it made sense women in the s were not particularly athletic, as a general rule and said that the division of field rule applied to women, but not to men.
Thus the division-of-the-field rule was added. Other changes to the game were put in place by a rules committee later, such as the initiation of a time limit of ten seconds for the defensive team to move the ball beyond midcourt inand the elimination of the center jump after each score in Naismith was not thrilled with these changes to the game, especially the elimination of the center jump, which he felt gave a disadvantage to the team that had scored.
Naismith did suggest some revisions that he thought would help move the game along and make it more exciting. Two of these suggestions later were enacted as the modern shot clock, which allows a team only a certain amount of time to shoot the ball, and the three-point shot, granted for baskets made outside a certain boundary.
I think speed is. Speed, passing, and the unexpected. At one point chicken-wire netting under the cylinder caught the ball, which then of course required manual retrieval; later the basketball net was put in, which allowed the ball to fall through the cylinder but stay in the same general area.
Inbackboards, as a safeguard to keep the ball from flying into the audience, were initiated. The game's popularity spread rapidly, and by almost every high school and college in America had a basketball team.
Nineteen thirty-nine was also the year the National Collegiate Athletic Association began its annual postseason tournament, now know as the Final Four, which has become one of the most watched television sports events in the United States.
In basketball was included as one of the Olympic gamesheld in Berlin, thanks in large part to the efforts of a former student of Naismith's and later a highly successful basketball coach at the University of Kansas, Forrest "Phog" Allen.A vocabulary word list (word bank) about sports.
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Sep 10, · Example i would like to write my paper about basketball its a topic, - Research term paper example. We have writers from a wide range of countries, they have various educational backgrounds and work experience. But the common thing is their high level of .
You are here: Home / Writing Standards / Teaching Active and Passive Voice. Teaching Active and Passive Voice. Passive voice contains a lot of to be verbs. Active and Passive Voice Lesson Plan Procedures. If revising an essay, pair students. The first one is very basic, covering simple subjects, compound subjects with singular nouns or pronouns, and verbs that must agree according to whether they are singular or plural.
The second one covers compound subjects, complex sentences, and certain kinds of nouns that take singular verbs. For Essay 1: Game Story -You must see your game and complete interviews by 9/29 **Essay 1: Game Story: Preview Course Notes - Taking Notes, Interviews Discuss headline & lead of sample game .
Types of Descriptive Writing Using active verbs makes writing more precise. Linking verbs--"is," "was" and "are"--are not active.
Action verbs--"race," "sing" and "dance"--create compelling writing. If you want to write about a basketball game, go to a game and take notes.
Write about what you see, taste, touch, smell and feel. If.