The research division of my company, CPP, Inc, has found that the majority of those in leadership positions worldwide exhibit preferences for Thinking and Judging versus Feeling and Perceiving. According to Linda Kirby and Katharine D. The concept can be compared to left-handedness versus right-handedness.
Conclusions of this Personality Class Although the theorists we studied showed great differences, there were also some underlying similarities: The importance of early childhood development, and especially the ability to establish healthy relationships with both parents.
Rogers call for "unconditional positive regard" unconditional love drives this point home nicely. In order to develop the capacity for love and empathy, we must be shown love and empathy early on.
Important General Agreements among personality theorists The fundamental importance of society in shaping personality. Adler, Jung, and Horney were among the first to point out the fundamental importance of society in the creation and maintenance of psychological health or unhealth.
Just as war can lead to an increased acceptance of violence, extended periods of peace can lead to an increased acceptance of cooperation and prosocial behavior.
The ability of the human to alter aspects of their personality. Although none of the theorists state that this is an easy goal, most theorists we examined Freud being the most pessimistic exception believed that humans have a tendency towards psychological growth and mental health which can be encouraged.
The understanding that multiple viewpoints or subjective perceptions exist, and we must understand the individuals perception in order to assist them.
This point is shown most strongly in the therapy of Rogers, Horney, Maslow and Adler. They treated the individual as a whole, and wanted to learn what the client thought about their own environment rather than rigidly classifying people with respect to prior clinical experience.
Finally, most theorists we examined Freud is again the exception have a positive outlook toward human behavior and the capacity for a psychologically healthy human evolutionary process.
These theorists are upbeat and positive about life and seem to have genuine empathy and liking for their fellow humankind. There were also some large theoretical differences we observed among the theorists.
When is personality fixed? Adler argued basic personality was fixed at age five, and Jung thought that the thirties and forties were an important time of intense personality development. What is the goal of the personality theorist? Cattell was in the traditional "understand and control" camp of psychology, while Carl Rogers argued it is pathological to try to control other peoples behavior.
What is the role of the client during treatment? Here, we have seen somewhat of an evolution in treatment philosophy. Early theorists such as Jung and Freud were very directive in their therapy, and controlled much of the interpretations of thoughts and behaviors.
More recently, theorists have tried to make the client a full partner in the research, even to the point of having the client suggest solutions.
What are the broader points which you should take home from this class? Trust in your own experience You know more about your own life than anybody else.
Be aware of how culture influences people's dispositions towards competitive and cooperative behavior. Although you should take responsibility for your own behavior, you don't have to take responsibility for other people's behavior.
You can build your own theory of personality based upon the combination of your own experience and what you have learned from these personality theorists. The science is constantly evolving, so you should remain flexible in your theorizing and be willing to allow future information to change your theory Develop a dynamic theory of personality rather than a static, unchanging theory.
Realize the vast commonalties in the human experience:First, theory: A theory is a model of reality that helps us to understand, explain, predict, and control that reality. In the study of personality, these models are usually verbal. Every now and then, someone comes up with a graphic model, with symbolic illustrations, or a mathematical model, or even a computer model.
Long recognized as different, researchers have investigated connections between the biological aspects of behavior seen in temperament, vs. personality structure and development.
Currently, one of the most popular personality theories is the Big Five theory of Paul Costa and Robert McCrae. theory is valid and there are ideas and techniques that I would use out of each of them.
psychosexual stages in that people continue to develop socially throughout their lives and and continue to shape both men and women’s personality throughout their lives. These. Personality overview Many theories have been developed throughout the years to help with understanding personality.
A theory is a set of related assumptions that allows scientists to formulate testable hypotheses (Feist, ). The reason behind the existence of several theories is so that a.
Amongst the multiple theories that provide a foundation for effective academic advising practice are those of student development, cognitive development, career development, learning, decision-making, multiculturalism, retention, personality, moral development, and adult development (Creamer, ).
A Critical Review of Kelly’s Personality Theory in Personality Development - 1. Introduction Personality is a pattern of relatively permanent traits and unique characteristics that gives both consistency and individuality to a person’s behavior (Feist & Feist, ).
Some of the strengths and weaknesses of my own personality. How will.