Cover to the first paperback edition of of J.
Just as there are many stories, so too are there many forms of both innocence and experience. For many centuries, innocence and experience were interpreted primarily in terms of religion, with innocence denoting a state free from sin.
One of the most frequently depicted changes, and one that became a touchstone of romanticism, is that from the optimism of childhood to the realities of adulthood.
Even in this straightforward account, the two terms are interdependent, as a time of innocence can only be recognized retrospectively, from the vantage point of experience. Blake takes this tension between the two terms to new heights in his poems, however, demonstrating that people are capable of either state at various times in their lives.
Furthermore, either state might take the form of the other. On the one hand, the dream epitomizes innocence in that it takes the form of a fantasy in which Tom gets to escape from work to play with his friends.
This thought, that he would be rewarded at the end of his life, keeps him going: On the other hand, this vision of innocence seems to simultaneously convey a darker point from the side of experience. Inverting the closing line, it is precisely by doing their duty cleaning chimneys that they need to fear harm black lung, cancer, accident.
This final line turns out to be ambiguous indeed, because it could Innocence theme in catcher in the serve as a kind of threat to the people who mistreat the children: If they do their duty to the children, then they need not fear harm.
The speaker of this poem fully recognizes what might only be hinted at in the other. In another sense, however, the adults could be to blame for purposely trying to minimize their responsibility by inventing the idea of heaven to justify their exploitation of children.
In other words, adults fully realize how horrible their actions are but seek to cover up their knowledge with narratives of earthly suffering and heavenly reward. Like poetry, fiction often deals with issues of innocence and experience.
While these stories ostensibly focus on a single protagonist, the growth of the individual is often linked to and helps to illuminate larger societal changes or conflicts. In this sense, the bildungsroman often tells the story of a particular character in a way that also ties into the development of his or her community.
The story is initially narrated by a sailor who listens to the mysterious Marlow, who in turn recounts his experiences piloting a steamboat up the Congo River. Marlow begins as an idealistic youth, looking to a life at sea as a chance to explore new lands or, as he phrases it, the blank spaces on maps.
Taking a job with a Dutch trading company, Marlow heads to Africa with high hopes.
Through a series of events in which he witnesses firsthand the cruel and senseless behavior of the Europeans, culminating in his meeting with Kurtz, Marlow is forced to question many of the traditional narratives he started out with, including that of the moral and spiritual superiority of Europeans compared to the native African peoples.
Kurtz turns out to be a disappointing hero to say the least. Like Marlow, Stephen slowly gains knowledge about the effects of imperialism, though in his case he does so as a member of the colonized people. For example, at the end of the third section, Stephen has become convinced that he must repent his sins and dedicate his life to serve within the Catholic Church.
In the next section, however, he begins to implement this plan only to abandon it in favor of his calling to become an artist. Each section presents a crisis that Stephen responds to by adopting a new goal, which is then replaced in the face of the next crisis or problem that he faces.
In this sense, Stephen is constantly passing through stages of innocence and experience, but each version of experience is subsequently revealed to be yet another form of innocence. Accompanying each new goal or level of experience, Stephen employs an increasingly complex vocabulary and style.
In keeping with the restless mental development of its protagonist, Portrait is difficult to read as a straightforward national allegory for Ireland. While Stephen recognizes the power structures behind the use of the English language, for example, he also flatly rejects the calls of nationalism in favor of a European cosmopolitanism in the form of his pending trip to Paris.
Precisely by reading and thinking about literature, we are able to evaluate our own sense of experience and, hopefully, to enrich it as well.In the novel The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger, Holden Caulfield struggles with his impending loss of innocence.
For example, when Holden takes his friend Sally Hayes to skate, he shouts, “’You give me a royal pain in the ass, if you want to know the truth’” (Salinger ). Use the Catcher in the Rye chapter summaries to refresh your memory or preview your reading.
Included is a short analysis of the chapters to help you understand the novel better. The Catcher in the Rye was a book full with a lot of great imagery and a lot of thought put into it.
The book is a very easy to read, it can be read very quickly and very easy to understand. I enjoyed reading this book due to the fact that the main character Holden Caulfield is a 16 year old boy growing up.
In The Catcher in the Rye, there are several themes that can be found in the words and actions of the narrator, Holden Caulfield. The dominating theme in this novel is the preservation of innocence, especially of children. The Catcher in the Rye Quotes Showing of “What really knocks me out is a book that, when you're all done reading it, you wish the author that wrote it was a terrific friend of yours and you could call him up on the phone whenever you felt like it.
In The Catcher in the Rye, by J.D. Salinger, Holden Caulfield struggles in accepting his loss of innocence which leads towards his downfall. Holden is a struggling 16 year-old boy, trying to find his place in the world, a world in which allows him to retain his innocence and as he begins to move towards the adult world, he clings to his.