Background[ edit ] The foundation for the controversial land dispute in Zimbabwean society was laid at the beginning of European settlement of the region, which had long been the scene of mass movements by various Bantu peoples. In the sixteenth century, Portuguese explorers had attempted to open up Zimbabwe for trading purposes, but the country was not permanently settled by European immigrants until three hundred years later. Two hundred years later, Rozwi imperial rule began to crumble and the empire fell to the Karanga peoplesa relatively new tribe to the region which originated north of the Zambezi River. Population growth frequently resulted in the over-utilisation of the existing land, which became greatly diminished both in terms of cultivation and grazing due to the larger number of people attempting to share the same acreage.
Unless this changes, the sustainable development goals will be impossible to achieve. Mahmoud Mohieldin, Anna Wellenstein Mahmoud Mohieldin Land tenure determines who can use land, for how long and under what conditions.
Tenure arrangements may be based on official laws and policies and on informal customs. If those arrangements are secure, users of land have an incentive not just to implement best practices for their use of it paying attention to, say, environmental effectsbut also to invest more.
An international consensus has emerged regarding the importance of secure land tenure for development outcomes. Yet the norm is not being applied widely enough. In Romania, for example, many Roma have less secure farmland tenure than their non-Roma neighbours.
Likewise, in southeast Asia, hill tribes rarely have legal rights to their indigenous holdings, which are often located in State forests.
In Zimbabwe, a customary divorce settlement may result in allocating all family lands and property and even children to the husband, with the wife left to return to her father or another male relative. Inadequate land-tenure systems perpetuate poverty and marginalisation by stifling economic growth.
But the opposite is also true: Secure land rights are essential to reduce disaster risk and build climate resilience. When such disasters displace people and destroy their homes, land records provide the baseline for compensation and reconstruction of shelters. The World Bank Group is working with developing countries to improve their land-tenure systems and expand the coverage of legally recognised and registered rights.
New projects are being prepared in Mozambique and Tanzania to provide customary settlements with communal titles that will ensure legal recognition of their common holdings, thereby strengthening the protection and management of these assets. Test land tenure in court But realising key sustainable development goal targets will require a much larger investment programme at the local, national and global levels, focused on strengthening land tenure in low- and middle-income countries.
Land is at the heart of development. Secure land tenure is thus vital to building the inclusive, resilient and sustainable communities that will propel economic and social progress well into the future.In common law systems, land tenure is the legal regime in which land is owned by an individual, who is said to "hold" the land.
It determines who can use land, for how long, and under what conditions. With the independence of Zimbabwe the new government implemented land reform in order to relieve the increasing population pressure on the country. I will discuss the perquisites of land reform by van de Wall and compare that to the land reform tenure of Zimbabwe.
Land Tenure in Zimbabwe’s Post Agrarian Reform Strategic Integration of Surveying Services FIG Working Week Hong Kong SAR, China, May 4/6 agricultural productivity on the farms as well as the farmer’s investment into infrastructural development. Following Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence, land legislation was again amended with the Rhodesian Land Tenure Act of The Land Tenure Act upended the Land Apportionment Act of and was designed to rectify the issue of insufficient land available to .
The economic history of land tenure in Zimbabwe. 1.
The Land Tenure Systems in Zimbabwe. The land holding rights and obligations in Zimbabwe find their expression in the country’s four main systems of land tenure, namely the freehold (private), state land, communal and leasehold (resettlement) systems. Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. (For convenience, “land” is used here to include other natural resources such as water and trees.) Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by. Following Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence, land legislation was again amended with the Rhodesian Land Tenure Act of The Land Tenure Act upended the Land Apportionment Act of and was designed to rectify the issue of insufficient land available to .
Tim Curtin (lecturer in economics, University of Zimbabwe, ) Abstract. The conventional wisdom is that the white settlers who descended on.
The land holding rights and obligations in Zimbabwe find their expression in the country’s four main systems of land tenure, namely the freehold (private), state land, communal and leasehold (resettlement) systems.