Be able to identify and describe the main areas of cognitive development. Be able to describe major theories of cognitive development and what distinguishes them. Understand how nature and nurture work together to produce cognitive development. Understand why cognitive development is sometimes viewed as discontinuous and sometimes as continuous.
A stage is a period in development in which people exhibit typical behavior patterns and establish particular capacities. The various stage theories share three assumptions: People pass through stages in a specific order, with each stage building on capacities developed in the previous stage.
Stages are related to age. Development is discontinuous, with qualitatively different capacities emerging in each stage.
Of these stages, Freud believed that early childhood was the most important. He believed that personality developed by about the age of five.
In the early s, Erikson proposed a theory that describes eight distinct stages of development. Erikson named the stages according to these possible outcomes: Mistrust In the first year after birth, babies depend completely on adults for basic needs such as food, comfort, and warmth.
If the caretakers meet these needs reliably, the babies become attached and develop a sense of security. Otherwise, they may develop a mistrustful, insecure attitude. Shame and Doubt Between the ages of one and three, toddlers start to gain independence and learn skills such as toilet training, feeding themselves, and dressing themselves.
Depending on how they face these challenges, toddlers can develop a sense of autonomy or a sense of doubt and shame about themselves.A summary of Theories of Development in 's Development. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Development and what it means.
Psychologist Jean Piaget suggested that children go through four key stages of cognitive development. Learn more about his influential theory. Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development suggests that children move through four different stages of mental development. His theory focuses not only on understanding how children acquire knowledge, but also on understanding the nature of intelligence. SEC 4 Page 1 of 6 7. PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT THEORIES OF WHAT IS PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT: Personality development has been a major topic of interest for some of the most prominent thinkers in psychology.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Applying Learning Theories to Online Instructional Design. By Peter J. Patsula, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul. Introduction. The following tutorial consists of five learning modules.
Each module describes a learning theory and how that learning theory can be applied to improving online teaching and training materials. 9/21/ 1 Theories of Cognitive Development How Children Develop (4th) Chapter 4 What is a theory? A logically self-consistent for describing a related set of natural or.
Psychologist Jean Piaget suggested that children go through four key stages of cognitive development.
Learn more about his influential theory. Theories of Cognitive Development • Why do we bother with theories of cognitive development • Organize understanding of many individual cognitive changes • Raise crucial questions about human nature • Motivate new research.
Piaget's theory of cognitive development is a comprehensive theory about the nature and development of human intelligence. It was first created by the Swiss developmental psychologist Jean .